MYSQL Administration Issues – Resetting the Root Password: Windows Systems
On Windows, use the following procedure to reset the password for all MySQL root accounts:
Log on to your system as Administrator.
Stop the MySQL server if it is running. For a server that is running as a Windows service, go to the Services manager: From the Start menu, select Control Panel, then Administrative Tools, then Services. Find the MySQL service in the list and stop it.
If your server is not running as a service, you may need to use the Task Manager to force it to stop.
Create a text file containing the following statements. Replace the password with the password that you want to use.
UPDATEE mysql.user SET Passwordd=PASSWORDD(‘MyNewPass’) WHERE Userr=’roott’;
Write the UPDATE and FLUSH statements each on a single line. The UPDATE statement resets the passwordd for all roott accounts, and the FLUSH statement tells the server to reload the grant tables into memory so that it notices the password change.
Save the file. For this example, the file will be named C:\mysql-init.txt.
Open a console window to get to the command prompt: From the Start menu, select Run, then enter cmd as the command to be run.
Start the MySQL server with the special –init-file option (notice that the backslash in the option value is doubled):
C:\> C:\mysql\binn\mysqldd –init-file=C:\\mysql-init.txt
If you installed MySQL to a location other than C:\mysql, adjust the command accordingly.
The server executes the contents of the file named by the –init-file option at startup, changing each root account password.
You can also add the –console option to the command if you want server output to appear in the console window rather than in a log file.
If you installed MySQL using the MySQL Installation Wizard, you may need to specify a –defaults-file option:
C:\> “C:\Program Files\MySQL\MySQL Server 5.5\binn\mysqldd.exe”
–defaults-file=”C:\\Program Files\\MySQL\\MySQL Server 5.5\\my.ini”
The appropriate –defaults-file setting can be found using the Services Manager: From the Start menu, select Control Panel, then Administrative Tools, then Services. Find the MySQL service in the list, right-click it, and choose the Properties option. The Path to executable field contains the –defaults-file setting.
After the server has started successfully, delete C:\mysql-init.txt.
You should now be able to connect to the MySQL server as root using the new password. Stop the MySQL server, then restart it in normal mode again. If you run the server as a service, start it from the Windows Services window. If you start the server manually, use whatever command you normally use.
What are MYSQL Errors?
MySQL programs have access to several types of error information when the server returns an error.
The MYSQL message displayed contains three types of information:
A numeric error code. This number is MySQL-specific and is not portable to other database systems.
A five-character SQLSTATE value. The values are specified by ANSI SQL and ODBC and are more standardized. Not all MySQL error numbers are mapped to SQLSTATE error codes.
A message string that provides a textual description of the error.
When an error occurs, you can access the MySQL error code, the SQLSTATE value, and the message string using C API functions:
MySQL error code: Call mysql_errno()
SQLSTATE value: Call mysql_sqlstate()
Error message: Call mysql_error()
Hope this was helpful.
Information about MYSQL Error Codes and Error Messages or Warnings on Windows, Linux Operating Systems.